Industrial waste is a term which refers to all waste resulting from industrial processing operations, usually produced by industries in the manufacturing, mining, chemical and engineering sectors. Typical examples of industrial waste include wood chips and sawdust, metal fragments or flakes, textile, plastic or paper waste, and more. The management of industrial waste defines and applies the strategies required to collect, treat and secure industrial waste, with a view to reducing final costs and in full compliance with the regulations established by law.
Industrial waste management should be based on carefully defined and eco-friendly processes allowing the treatment of solid waste, special waste produced by companies. Such processes must comply with safety and efficiency constraints (both in economic and production terms). Sound industrial waste management is important for at least three reasons, which will be briefly described subsequently.